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Energy Insights:116: ELECTRICITY, NUCLEAR, PRIMARY ENERGY - 2008 report

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25-12-2008 team

This Special Report prepared  by show the increase in all forms of electric energy production and consumption worldwide. This is expected to increase further as popultion increases and countries become industrialised - particularly India, China and Far Eastern countries. If global GDP averages 3%, energy consumption would normally increase by 60% of the GDP number - approximately 2% in this example. Energy investments of some $26 Trillion are forecast to be needed in the next 22 years to feed the global demand for oil/gas/electric/energy. Much of this will be new infra-structure, but also for replacing existing aging energy infra-structure.     

Electricity Generation Per Region
Electricity Generation Per Country - the ten largest electricity generating countries. 

Primary Energy Consumption per region. Asia Pacific consumption has grown by 62% in 13 years and is the global driver of increasing consumption. The Middle east, Africa and S&C America have also grown substantially. Europe has declined - driven by stable Western European consumption along with the decline of eastern European and Russia heavy industry.
Primary Energy Consumption per country
Primary Energy Consumption - the 12 largest consuming countries. Note China's big increase in consumption sinec 2001 and it's slowdown in 1997 after the Asian financial crisis - China is the global "driver". Also notice that Russia has decreased after heavy industry closed after the collapse of the Soviet Union in late 1980s. The USA has grown slightly, but less than trend GDP growth of some 3% per annum - this suggest conservation and less reliance of energy intensive industry. India's consumption has doubled in the last ten year - and is expected to keep growing like China at high rates for the foreseeable future.
Primary Energy Consumption - per region since 1965. Note massive large growth from 3,950 to 10,500 Million Tonnnes Oil Equivalent in this period. Asia Pacific has grown markedly since 2001.
Primary Energy Consumption - per region in 2007 - all key forms of primary energy (nuclear, coal, natural gas and oil) - including total (red)
Primary Energy Consumption - per region in 2007 - all key forms of primary energy (nuclear, coal, natural gas and oil)

Hydro-Electric Power Consumption Per Region
Hydro-Electric Power Consumption per country - all main producers
Nuclear Power Consumption per region. There has been a huge increase in Nuclear power consumption from 1970 to 1990, but environmental concerns stifled the growth in the 1990s. The dip in 2004 was cuase by Japanese nuclear plant being shut down due to maintenance concerns - these have since been bought back online. Nuclear power might well increase further if the environmental debate deems it is better for the environment (due to lower CO2 emissions) then coal/gas/oil - and this is considered more critical than other environmental/safety concerns. Note: most electricity in Finland and France is generated from Nuclear power plants at relatively low cost. The UK Nuclear power is declining due to environmental lobby and high new built costs and de-commissioning cost liabilities.  
Nuclear Consumption - the 14 largest countries. Despite the environmental lobby, the USA has grown it's nuclear power production/consumption over the long term. France's production has also expanded significantly - they are now the second biggest producers in the world. Japan's production was hit in 2003 from maintenance issues - though these plants are now back online. South Korea's production has increase significantly - because they do  not have any indigenous coal, gas or oil - power is generated mainly from Nuclear and imported LNG.




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